Friday, August 15, 2008

Venezuela Research

Principales Plagas del Cultivo de la Palma Main Crop Pests of La Palma Aceitera en La Zona sur del Lago de Maracaibo Oil in the southern part of Lake Maracaibo

. This paper describes the weevil, the driller at the base of the ruling, brown bug, host, bachacos and birds, their respective damage and recommendations for their control. *Omar Quijada R. * Omar Quijada R. **Ángel Ochoa ** Angela Ochoa ***Carlos Berríos *** Carlos Berrios *Ingeniero Agrónomo. * Agricultural Engineer. M. M. Sc. Sc. Investigador, Researcher, I. I. FONAIAP-Estación Experimental Zulia. FONAIAP-Experimental Station Zulia. **Técnicos Asociados a la Investigación. ** Technical Research Partners. FONAIAP-Estación Experimental Zulia. FONAIAP-Experimental Station Zulia.

Drilling of the stem base (Strategus aloeus)

It is one of the most important pests attacking young palms (3-10 years old).
. In the area south of Lake Maracaibo has been found attacking plots of oil palm and coconut located in different sectors.

Biology and description
Este insecto pertenece al orden Coleóptera, familia Scarabalidae This insect belongs to the order Coleoptera, family and the Scarabalidae known under different names: congorocho, beetle, coconut rhinoceros, etc.. Cuando When the adult insect has a large (5,0-6,5 cm), is black or dark brown, the male can be recognized by submit three protuberances (horns or cachos).
. This insect bores near the base of the plant and construct galleries and 50 centimeters or more radical penetrates to the plate, such as internal tissues of the palm. Muy Very often destroys the meristema apical and the plant dies later. . According to records kept on experimental plots of oil palm, this insect in a year caused the deaths of 4.5% from the palms of a one hectare plot located in the banking sector, Columbus district.
Control Control
. There is no really effective treatment to prevent their attack. However, the following recommended control measures:
1. Collecting remains of dead trees and palms estípite old decomposing.
2. Collect and destroy insects that are found on the plantation.
3.. Apply granular insecticides (Furadán) to the ground where it detects the presence of the insect

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